日本政府將加強管制國內網路象牙交易

作者: 
Mainichi Japan / 翻譯:鄒勳文 / 編輯:林均翰
資訊分類: 

日本政府將加強管制國內網路象牙交易

由於部份經銷商一向未遵循既定規則,日本政府今年四月起開始加強監測在網路交易的象牙製品。

自1989年起,野生動植物瀕危物種國際貿易公約,又名華盛頓公約,嚴禁締約國間之國際象牙貿易。但是根據公約秘書處的資料顯示,每年仍有約兩萬兩千隻野生非洲象因為象牙喪命,而被世界自然保護聯盟瀕危物種紅色名錄(IUCN Red List)列為易危物種(Vulnerable, 簡寫為VU)。在日本只允許於1989年尚未禁止國際象牙貿易前的象牙製品販售,只要經銷商在交易前需先通知政府即可,可是有許多未經認可的網路交易不斷被提報。

去年五月由非政府組織東亞野生物貿易研究委員會日本辦公室(Traffic East Asia-Japan)提出的報告顯示,總計有107個賣家於樂天網路商城販賣象牙製品(如象牙私章),其中有39個賣家店在未持有合法註冊的情況下進行商業行為。在去年七月華盛頓公約常委會會議中,常委會主席促請成員國在日益漸增的國際壓力下調查境內網路象牙交易的問題。

去年十月起,經濟貿易暨產業部和環境部曾與網路商城運營商,包括雅虎日本公司和樂天公司,討論加強管制網路象牙交易。為確認賣家的認證情形,自今年四月起,兩部會將請網路商成營運商提供公司或個人賣家名稱。如果經確認發現未註冊登記的商家,部會將要求賣家通報註冊。日本政府現場檢視網路註冊的狀態,期望能杜絕走私進口象牙之非法交易一位經濟部官員指出,現今仍有許多網路賣家不知道關於象牙交易的規則,當政府執行管制時,未註冊登記的交易數量應該會減少。
 

Gov't to reinforce regulations on online domestic ivory trading

The Japanese government is set to beef up monitoring on ivory products traded via the Internet as some dealers have not been following the required notification rule.

Since 1989 the international trading of elephant tusks has been prohibited among signatories to the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora, also known as the Washington Convention. However, the number of African elephants killed in the wild for their tusks is estimated to be around 22,000 per year, according to the secretariat of the convention, and they are listed as a vulnerable species under a conservation status.

In Japan, domestic ivory trading is permitted only if the tusks were brought into Japan before 1989 when the Washington Convention banned international trade, provided dealers inform the government of the ivory transaction beforehand. However, many online transactions without the required notification have been reported.

In a study conducted by the nongovernmental organization Traffic East Asia-Japan in May last year, there were 107 online shops that sold ivory products such as personal seals at cybermall Rakuten marketplace. Of those, 39 shops had carried out their business without registration.

At a Washington Convention Standing Committee meeting held in July last year, the committee chair urged each member country to investigate online ivory trading amid mounting international pressure over the issue.

The Economy, Trade and Industry Ministry and the Ministry of the Environment have talked with cybermall operators, including Yahoo Japan Corp. and Rakuten Inc., over reinforced regulations on ivory trading since October last year. Starting from this month, the ministries will obtain information on the corporate and individual names of ivory sellers, and check on their registration status with the authorities concerned. If non-registered businesses are confirmed, the ministries will contact the shops to demand they file notification.

Since the government will be able to check trading with on-site inspections based on the registration status, it hopes to prevent illegal transactions of smuggled ivory products.

An economy ministry official says there are still many online traders who are not aware of the rules concerning ivory trading, adding that cases of non-registered trading should decline as the government moves to promote the regulations.

原文來源:Gov't to reinforce regulations on online domestic ivory trading

本系統已提升網路傳輸加密等級,IE8及以下版本將無法支援。為維護網路交易安全性,請升級或更換至右列其他瀏覽器。